Project Name: Preparation of Policy Brief on “Women’s Access to Land: An Agenda of Women’s Empowerment” and research on “Tax Rebate Policy on Land: An Impact on Women”.
Duration: July 2010- November 2010
Client: Nepal Institute of Development Studies
Major Sector/ Sub Sector: Land and Women Issues
Area Coverage: Tanahu and Kapilvastu Districts
The objectives of the research was to examine the impact of government policies i.e. taxation rebate (25%) on land transaction if the title holder is woman; to examine the level of empowerment of women after having land. To achieve the above mentioned objectives, research was done on women holding land in their name in the two districts. The research involved women and key informants from Land Revenue Office. The study showed that policy on tax rebate from government if the title holder is a woman has brought somewhat changes in the life of that woman through economic and social empowerment. Due to this there has been increase in the land entitlement in the name of woman. Increases in land registration in the name of women were however not only because of tax discount but because of other family related issues, to escape from the government land ceiling policy, ‘Pewa’ (land given by parents to a girl), migration of men for foreign employment etc. Women who own land are significantly more likely to have their say in the household. Adenovirus Although they own land they do not have full control over it as they need to consult with their family members because most of them have bought the land with their husband’s money. Contrary to this, the benefits enjoyed by women as a result of owning land and property have a greater role in household decision making, secure future, giving property to daughter, greater mobility and social support, increasing confidence about their future and their children’s future.