Project tittle: End-line evaluation of Fighting against Child Trafficking (FACT) Project
Supported By: Plan International Nepal
Duration: 28th July to 23rd Sept, 2016
Study Area: Sunsari, Banke and Rauthat
Human trafficking in Nepal is a growing criminal industry which has a deeply rooted long historical background. Nepal is mainly a source country for men, women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking where many problems including livelihood insecurity, and poverty is unevenly distributed. Furthermore, trafficking of girls and women in Nepal is associated with the Nepalese feudal and patriarchal social structure and the forms of trafficking have changed with the changing socio-political context of Nepal.
In addition to the internal structural factors, some geo-political factors are also acting as catalyst to the girls trafficking in Nepal. Women and girls are trafficked internally and across borders. Girls and boys are trafficked from rural to urban areas and from small towns to the big cities and also to other countries. Demystifying the belief that only girls from specific geographical area and community are being trafficked, this crime has expanded to every area and community including boys and men. The border between Nepal and India is 1,000 miles long with around 14 checkpoints along the route. This makes it easier to smuggle over 20,000 women and young girls (mostly aged between 12 and 25) from Nepal to India every year. Victims, especially girls and women, are trafficked to Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Russia, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and other Gulf states.
Children are trafficked for sex work, labour (exploitative), domestic labour, entertainment industry, massage parlor, agriculture labour, circus, forced marriage, begging, and organ transplant, drug trafficking and embroidery work, etc. Those trafficked children are found often working in very exploitative, abusive and congested environment and work more than 13 hours a day. Trafficking of boys and men is also in the increasing trend. Nowadays, even children and women are trafficked as far as the Gulf and Southeast Asian countries.
The victims of the girls trafficking have to face a number of consequences at different levels of social life: individual, household and community. The major consequences include health consequences, social-psychological effects, reintegrating into society, re-union with the family and friends, problems in citizenship status, problems in legal framework and enactment of supportive policies. Anti-trafficking programs in Nepal can be divided into prevention programs, indirect prevention, remediation, and advocacy. Prevention programs include “awareness raising” programs, education about trafficking and safe migration practices, improved opportunities for livelihood, and patrolling the country’s borders. In this context, Plan International Nepal has been implementing anti-human trafficking projects since 1996.
The current Fighting Against Child Trafficking (FACT) project, aimed to reach 1,000 girls under 18 years old who are vulnerable to trafficking. . The primary goal is to prevent trafficking of women and vulnerable children, especially girls, and to rescue and provide protection to those who have been trafficked. The FACT project, designed to serve Plan’s Because I Am A Girl (BIAAG) campaign, also sought to protect women and girls from gender-based violence.