Project title: Community Land Rights Final Evaluation Study
Supported By: Oxfam Nepal
Duration: 30th Sep to 31st Dec, 2016
Study Area: Baridya and Kailali
According to the National living Standard Survey III (2011), ownership over agricultural land is extremely skewed in Nepal that the top 7 percent of the households occupy about 31 percent while the bottom 20 percent own almost 3 percent of the agricultural land. There are 1.3 million landless or land poor people in Nepal and two third of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Access to land, land tenure security, ownership and control over land and ability to dispose of land or transfer rights in land are considered to be necessary to fulfill fundamental human rights, and are often attached to the indigenous, ethnic and cultural identities of people in the communities. The social and economic impacts of the landlessness, such as hunger, health hazards, homelessness and exploitative labor conditions, create conditions intensifying exploitation of landless or land poor agricultural households by both landowners and the state. Though the land ownership is a matter of pride, source of identity along with the determinant of social, economic and political position in Nepal, Land ownership pattern in Nepal is highly discriminatory and therefore remained debatable, which is deeply rooted in a ages long feudal land governance system. Issue of land governance has remained at the core of the heart of each major social and political movement in Nepal at each historical juncture. Historically unresolved issues of secure land ownership, distribution of land resource and land rights of the farm households, and indigenous and land poor communities are providing the bottlenecks at present to materialize the concept of federalism in Nepal through state restructuration process. Government along with different civil society organizations (CSOs), development partners and right based organizations are attempting to have appropriate policy to address the issues of land governance and its management primarily focusing the rights of marginalized and indigenous landless communities, small holder farmers, tenants and sharecroppers.
Objectives of the final evaluation study:
- To obtain end line measurements of key indicators about the perception of tenure and physical security of community members, threats to their security on issues related to land and natural resource ownership and access.
- To understand district and VDC dynamics after intervention, as well as evaluate understanding of community on their rights related to ownership and access to land and natural resources.
- To evaluate the level of women’s engagement/participation on land and natural resource ownership.
- To evaluate project impact on conflict resolution and mitigation.
- To compare the findings with baseline findings and evaluate the project impact.