Project title: Policies and Practices of Land Tenure among Indigenous Peoples of Nepal
Supported by: International land Coalition (ILC)
Duration: November 2015 to November 2016
Study Area: Kailali and Nawalparasi Districts of Nepal
Indigenous communities are the sections of people whose livelihood and social life is mainly dependent on land. Their culture deeply associates with land because they identify, name, treat and worship land as of the ways of their living. Their land habitats, territorial coverage, historicity, formation of identity and even cultural issues are intersecting with the livelihood formation, agricultural transformation and land-society-state relationship. In this context, under the support of International Land Coalition (ILC) and coordination with National Engagement Strategy members of Nepal (CSRC, CDS/MODE, NLRF, Abhiyan), COLARP is conducting an action research-based project called ‘Policies and practices of land tenure among indigenous peoples of Nepal’. The project districts include Kailali and Nawalparasi where Tharu (Tarai janajati) and Kumal (Hill janajati) have been the target communities.
The overall objective of the project is to engage indigenous communities in researching land transformation processes in relation to customary and current land tenure policies and practices in Nepal. More specifically, this aims to:
- Review and analyze the national policies and programs in land tenure in relation to indigenous peoples of Nepal;
- Enumerate and assess the traditional and current land ownership patterns among indigenous people of Nepal; and
- Share and engage IPs to address their ownership and tenure rights of land among the IPs.
Project Title: ‘Gender Mainstreaming on Land Issues’ for ‘Women to Women Project’ (Phase II)
Supported by: United Nation Development Program (UNDP)
Duration: June 2016 to September 2016
COLARP aspires to establish extensive Land Resource Center (LRC) by updating and improving both physical and virtual features of existing small Land Resource Centre (LRC) for learning and sharing information on land policies, conflict, ownership, tenure, food security and livelihoods between and among national and international researchers, development partners, planners and policy makers in general but specifically making its best use in the context of Nepal. The primary users of the existing LRC have been land rights activists, political leaders including the Members of Parliament (MPs), researchers who work in the interests of landless, land-poor, marginalized, excluded and indigenous communities. . . The users are not limited to this universe but the user pool has been expanding as the university students, academics, government personnel, and staffs from non-government and international organization interested and working on land issues in Nepal checking in to our physical and virtual library as tertiary users.
The overall objective of Women to Women project is to provide contractual services, research/ publication, discussion series and resource center. More specifically, the key activities under this project:
- Enhance knowledge of political, civil society and academic leaders on land related resources particularly from gender eye-lens;
- Enhance capabilities of political, civil society and academic leaders to better negotiate on land-rights, land reforms and transformation;
- Promote and protect the right to information and participation of excluded and marginalized communities and their alliances on land and land-related resources; and,
- Generate and disseminate information to the civil society members, political actors, researchers, students and academics.
Project title: Gender Analysis of Changing Agricultural Practices in Context of Return Male-Migration in Eastern Tarai of Nepal.
Supported by: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Duration: 21st Feb, 2016- 31st Oct, 2016
Study Area: Eastern Terai (Sunsari District)
There is understanding that agriculture is slowly being feminized with increasing engagement of female in various agriculture roles due to male migration. It has led to change the traditional gender roles. The empirical scenario also reflects that migration always may not permanent and accompanied by return process. . Hence, it is still obscure about what happens to that changed gender role when the male migrant returns to home society. This study will systematically explore the micro level shifting of gender roles during migration and after migrant returns. This understanding will also contribute in identifying the challenges, barriers and mechanism for improved gender-equitable.
The general objective of the project is to explore the changing gender roles in agricultural practices and land tenure in context of migration
- What aspects of agricultural practices and land tenure witness the shift over gender roles due to migration?
- To analyze the gender roles in reference to male migration and after their return to home society.
- How the gender roles are determined at household level during male migration and after their return to home society in agriculture sector?
Project title: Exploring Partnership Approach and Modality in Management of Public Land in Terai Districts of Nepal (PPL)
Name of client: Multi-stakeholder Forestry Programme
Duration: March 2014 – April 2015
Area Coverage: Terai Districts-Nawalparasi, and Rupandehi
Summary of the Project: The large scale of country’s land is still in underused, barren, pasture land (range land) and misused in the name of public usage. Though the government has not deserved any actual data of public land, various studies claim that much of its availability is centralized in the Terai region (Jamarkattel and Baral, 2008; Kunwar et al., 2008; Acharya, 2008; Deuja, 2007). The experiences from some western Terai districts demonstrate that effective management of these kinds of underutilized public land provides an important asset for communities, not only to generate forest resources and supplement forest products, but more importantly, also to reduce vulnerability and generate livelihood opportunities for the landless and the land poor (Kunwar et al., 2008). Public land management has the potentiality to contribute in realizing generation of income/livelihoods opportunities in the southern VDCs of Terai districts (Jamarkattel & Baral, 2008).
Thus, the major purpose of this project is to explore, understand, and pilot the partnership approach and modality in public land management to enhance the livelihood options of poor, disadvantaged and marginalized people through the collaborative initiation and engagement of Community Forest Users Group (CFUG), Public Land Management Group (PLMG) and Village Development Committee (VDC) for the rationale use of public land in (Nawalparasi and Rupandehi districts), Terai region of Nepal.
Project title: Documentation of Reflection of Actions for Learning (ReAL) on the Inclusion and develop resiliency of Dalit for diversifying their livelihoods in local community forestry groups in Nepal
Name of client: Multi-stakeholder Forestry Programme
Duration: October 2012- October 2014
Area Coverage: Lalitpur, Nawalparasi and Parbat Districts
Main features of the project/assignment: Research, reflection and action
Summary of the Project: The general objective is to demonstrate the ways, means and methods for the inclusion of Dalit in local community forestry groups for employment, representation, material benefits and services from the organizations and ways to develop socio-economic resiliency in the context of climate change risk as Dalit of Nepal are considered the most vulnerable group posing climate change risk on diversifying their livelihoods.
The specific objectives of the ReAL is to document the learning of the efforts made for the inclusion of Dalit and hence their level of participation in different local institutions particularly in local community forestry groups and in benefits (both direct and indirect benefits) generated and employment created through these institutions.
To find out the level of inclusiveness of Dalit in local forestry groups ( e.g. CFUG, Public land group, collaborative forest management group,leasehold forestry usergroups LHFGs and buffer zone CFUGs) in terms of the coverage of Dalit pockets by the programme, membership in the groups and leadership in committee various positions and explore the upsetting factors for effective participation, inclusion as social capital formation;
To examine the access to resources and benefit of Dalit community especially practice pattern of benefit distribution goods and services of forest in terms of physical capital (forest products), human capital formation (training and scholarship opportunities), financial capital (loans, jobs, credit, enterprise, business) and natural capital (access to forest land, fodder and food cultivation etc. in communal land);
To understand local rules and norms for equitable governance practices in local forestry groups especially fair, justifiable and meaningful participation of Dalit in decision making processes for developing their resiliency and
To analyse the forestry sector’s strategies, policies and plans, legal provisions, rules, operational guidelines and the provision and practice of services offered by Government Organization (GOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in relation to Dalit inclusion.