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Invitation to Result Sharing Workshop at National Level
Invitation to Result Sharing Workshop at National Level on ‘Policies VS Practices: A stud...
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Land Dialogue “Access to Land for Secure Settlement”
Land Dialogue  "Access to Land for Secure Settlement" Present...
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News and Update

Recent Publication

Baseline Survey of Promoting Inclusive Education (PIE) Project

Project title: Baseline Survey of Promoting Inclusive Education (PIE) Project

Supported By: Plan International Nepal

Duration: 15th Nov to 15th Jan, 2016

Study Area: Baglung, Myagdi, Parbat, Bardiya and Jumla

Project Synopsis:

The prospect and power of most of the children belonging to economically poor families, geographically remote regions, socially discriminated groups and structurally marginalized households at large has often been suppressed by poverty, violence, exclusion and discrimination in Nepalese context.

The need for inclusive education in Nepal is immense at this point of time. Consequently, it is placed on the top of educational policy agendas given the recent paradigm shifts on social, economic and political domain. In addition, global and regional educational trends are also fueling this need. Historically, education system in Nepal has been punitive to the communities with low income, specifically to the children from Dalit groups and with physical disabilities both at structural and functional level.

Despite the various initiatives, inclusive education remains a distant dream in case of Nepal as many children and teenagers either do not get enrolled in school or dropout prematurely (MoE, 2009). Socio economic structure, caste based practices and exclusionary state policies along with the geo-spatial nature of the country have further aggravated the situation to this end. The emphasis of this component is to increase access to and participation in, promote equity and social inclusion in, and improve quality and relevance of basic education in Nepal.

Despite of the free basic education provision, the school enrollment rate of the children from poorest of the poor households and those with disabilities is very minimum owing to various other externalities such as sociocultural climate, state of infrastructure etc. Therefore in order to promote inclusive education, special provisions in line with the needs of school students from the Dalit communities and students with disabilities across the country must be introduced.

Furthermore, all schools must be equipped with minimum enabling conditions mainly physical and learning environments, suitable for the diverse needs of aforementioned category of students. A school’s physical environment includes the disability friendly school infrastructures, condition of school buildings, provision of adequate classrooms, separate toilets for girls and boys, drinking water facilities and a playground. . The learning environment includes availability of qualified and trained teachers, curriculum and textbook materials, teacher’s time on task, extra-curricular activities and so forth.

Provision of inclusive education opportunities will be the response to multiple realities providing bottlenecks to the agendas of transformation and development for immediate and long-term perspectives. The major objective of this study is to bring disadvantaged and disabled children to the mainstream of formal schooling. In Nepal, approximately 1.63% of the people are disabled and 68.2% of them are deprived of education.

Community Land Rights Final Evaluation Study

Project title: Community Land Rights Final Evaluation Study

Supported By: Oxfam Nepal

Duration: 30th Sep to 31st Dec, 2016

Study Area: Baridya and Kailali

Project Synopsis:

According to the National living Standard Survey III (2011), ownership over agricultural land is extremely skewed in Nepal that the top 7 percent of the households occupy about 31 percent while the bottom 20 percent own almost 3 percent of the agricultural land. There are 1.3 million landless or land poor people in Nepal and two third of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Access to land, land tenure security, ownership and control over land and ability to dispose of land or transfer rights in land are considered to be necessary to fulfill fundamental human rights, and are often attached to the indigenous, ethnic and cultural identities of people in the communities. The social and economic impacts of the landlessness, such as hunger, health hazards, homelessness and exploitative labor conditions, create conditions intensifying exploitation of landless or land poor agricultural households by both landowners and the state. Though the land ownership is a matter of pride, source of identity along with the determinant of social, economic and political position in Nepal, Land ownership pattern in Nepal is highly discriminatory and therefore remained debatable, which is deeply rooted in a ages long feudal land governance system. Issue of land governance has remained at the core of the heart of each major social and political movement in Nepal at each historical juncture. Historically unresolved issues of secure land ownership, distribution of land resource and land rights of the farm households, and indigenous and land poor communities are providing the bottlenecks at present to materialize the concept of federalism in Nepal through state restructuration process. Government along with different civil society organizations (CSOs), development partners and right based organizations are attempting to have appropriate policy to address the issues of land governance and its management primarily focusing the rights of marginalized and indigenous landless communities, small holder farmers, tenants and sharecroppers.

Objectives of the final evaluation study:

  • To obtain end line measurements of key indicators about the perception of tenure and physical security of community members, threats to their security on issues related to land and natural resource ownership and access.
  • To understand district and VDC dynamics after intervention, as well as evaluate understanding of community on their rights related to ownership and access to land and natural resources.
  • To evaluate the level of women’s engagement/participation on land and natural resource ownership.
  • To evaluate project impact on conflict resolution and mitigation.
  • To compare the findings with baseline findings and evaluate the project impact.


End-line evaluation of Fighting against Child Trafficking (FACT) Project

Project tittle: End-line evaluation of Fighting against Child Trafficking (FACT) Project

Supported By: Plan International Nepal

Duration: 28th July to 23rd Sept, 2016

Study Area: Sunsari, Banke and Rauthat

Project Synopsis:

Human trafficking in Nepal is a growing criminal industry which has a deeply rooted long historical background.  Nepal is mainly a source country for men, women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking where many problems including livelihood insecurity, and poverty is unevenly distributed.  Furthermore, trafficking of girls and women in Nepal is associated with the Nepalese feudal and patriarchal social structure and the forms of trafficking have changed with the changing socio-political context of Nepal.

In addition to the internal structural factors, some geo-political factors are also acting as catalyst to the girls trafficking in Nepal. Women and girls are trafficked internally and across borders. Girls and boys are trafficked from rural to urban areas and from small towns to the big cities and also to other countries. Demystifying the belief that only girls from specific geographical area and community are being trafficked, this crime has expanded to every area and community including boys and men. The border between Nepal and India is 1,000 miles long with around 14 checkpoints along the route. This makes it easier to smuggle over 20,000 women and young girls (mostly aged between 12 and 25) from Nepal to India every year. Victims, especially girls and women, are trafficked to Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Russia, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and other Gulf states.

Children are trafficked for sex work, labour (exploitative), domestic labour, entertainment industry, massage parlor, agriculture labour, circus, forced marriage, begging, and organ transplant, drug trafficking and embroidery work, etc. Those trafficked children are found often working in very exploitative, abusive and congested environment and work more than 13 hours a day. Trafficking of boys and men is also in the increasing trend. Nowadays, even children and women are trafficked as far as the Gulf and Southeast Asian countries.

The victims of the girls trafficking have to face a number of consequences at different levels of social life: individual, household and community. The major consequences include health consequences, social-psychological effects, reintegrating into society, re-union with the family and friends, problems in citizenship status, problems in legal framework and enactment of supportive policies.  Anti-trafficking programs in Nepal can be divided into prevention programs, indirect prevention, remediation, and advocacy. Prevention programs include “awareness raising” programs, education about trafficking and safe migration practices, improved opportunities for livelihood, and patrolling the country’s borders. In this context, Plan International Nepal has been implementing anti-human trafficking projects since 1996.

The current Fighting Against Child Trafficking (FACT) project, aimed to reach 1,000 girls under 18 years old who are vulnerable to trafficking. . The primary goal is to prevent trafficking of women and vulnerable children, especially girls, and to rescue and provide protection to those who have been trafficked. The FACT project, designed to serve Plan’s Because I Am A Girl (BIAAG) campaign, also sought to protect women and girls from gender-based violence.

Policies and Practices of Land Tenure among Indigenous Peoples of Nepal

Project title: Policies and Practices of Land Tenure among Indigenous Peoples of Nepal

Supported by:  International land Coalition (ILC)

Duration: November 2015 to November 2016

Study Area: Kailali and Nawalparasi Districts of Nepal

Project Synopsis

Indigenous communities are the sections of people whose livelihood and social life is mainly dependent on land. Their culture deeply associates with land because they identify, name, treat and worship land as of the ways of their living. Their land habitats, territorial coverage, historicity, formation of identity and even cultural issues are intersecting with the livelihood formation, agricultural transformation and land-society-state relationship. In this context, under the support of International Land Coalition (ILC) and coordination with National Engagement Strategy members of Nepal (CSRC, CDS/MODE, NLRF, Abhiyan), COLARP is conducting an action research-based project called ‘Policies and practices of land tenure among indigenous peoples of Nepal’. The project districts include Kailali and Nawalparasi where Tharu (Tarai janajati) and Kumal (Hill janajati) have been the target communities.

The overall objective of the project is to engage indigenous communities in researching land transformation processes in relation to customary and current land tenure policies and practices in Nepal. More specifically, this aims to:

  • Review and analyze the national policies and programs in land tenure in relation to indigenous peoples of Nepal;
  • Enumerate and assess the traditional and current land ownership patterns among indigenous people of Nepal; and
  • Share and engage IPs to address their ownership and tenure rights of land among the IPs.

‘Gender Mainstreaming on Land Issues’ for ‘Women to Women Project’ (Phase II)

Project Title: ‘Gender Mainstreaming on Land Issues’ for ‘Women to Women Project’ (Phase II)

Supported by: United Nation Development Program (UNDP)

Duration: June 2016 to September 2016

Project Synopsis

COLARP aspires to establish extensive Land Resource Center (LRC) by updating and improving both physical and virtual features of existing small Land Resource Centre (LRC) for learning and sharing information on land policies, conflict, ownership, tenure, food security and livelihoods between and among national and international researchers, development partners, planners and policy makers in general but specifically making its best use in the context of Nepal. The primary users of the existing LRC have been land rights activists, political leaders including the Members of Parliament (MPs), researchers who work in the interests of landless, land-poor, marginalized, excluded and indigenous communities. . . The users are not limited to this universe but the user pool has been expanding as the university students, academics, government personnel, and staffs from non-government and international organization interested and working on land issues in Nepal checking in to our physical and virtual library as tertiary users.

The overall objective of Women to Women project is to provide contractual services, research/ publication, discussion series and resource center.  More specifically, the key activities under this project:

  • Enhance knowledge of political, civil society and academic leaders on land related resources particularly from gender eye-lens;
  • Enhance capabilities of political, civil society and academic leaders to better negotiate on land-rights, land reforms and transformation;
  • Promote and protect the right to information and participation of excluded and marginalized communities and their alliances on land and land-related resources; and,
  • Generate and disseminate information to the civil society members, political actors, researchers, students and academics.