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Recent Publication

Evidence based Policy Debates on Land Issues in Nepal

Project Name: Evidence based Policy Debates on Land Issues in Nepal
Duration: 2012-2015
Client: International Land Coalition (ILC)
Major Sector: land reform, land policy, land based enterprise, squatters, Absentee land lordism
Area overage: Nepal

Project Description
Project titled “Evidence based Policy Debates on Land in Nepal” is ongoing which is funded by International Land Coalition with an objective of evidence based debate to promote informed policy debate on identified pertinent issues by generating scientific evidences on specific dimensions of issues so as to facilitate informed analysis and decision making for policy reform. Five major themes had been identified which will be led by the mentioned experts respectively. The research papers will be based on either primary or secondary evidences for the debates.

 

S. No.

Theme

Resource Person (Expert)

1

Land based enterprise diversification Dr. Sagar Raj Sharma, Associate Prof, Department of Development Studies, Kathmandu University

2

State of art in land research and land reform in Nepal Dr. Purna B. Nepali,Consortium for Land Research and Policy Dialogue (COLARP)/  Mr. Jagat Basnet, Community Self Reliance Centre (CSRC)

3

Political economy of land policy analysis in Nepal Dr. Bishnu Raj Upreti (NCCR North- South)

4

Issues of squatters (urban and rural) in Nepal Mr. Dinesh Dhakal, Assistant Prof. Department of Agriculture and Economics, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (AFU)

5

Absentee land lordism /ownership in Nepal Dr. Ganesh Gurung, Nepal Institute of Development Studies (NIDS)

The expected outputs are i). 10 evidence based policy debates; ii).5 Discussion paper (7-10 pages) on above mentioned themes; and iii). 5 Policy briefs (2 pages) on above mentioned themes.

Documentation of Reflection of Actions for Learning (ReAL) on the Inclusion and Develop resiliency of Dalit for Diversifying their Livelihoods in Local Community Forestry Groups in Nepal.

 Project Name: Documentation of Reflection of Actions for Learning (ReAL) on the Inclusion and Develop resiliency of Dalit for Diversifying their Livelihoods in Local Community Forestry Groups in Nepal.
Duration: 2012 October-2014 September
Client: Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme (MSFP)
Major Sector: inclusion/exclusion, climate change, Dalit, forest land management
Area overage: Lalitpur, Parbat and Nawalparasi District.

Project Description
The project title “Documentation of Reflection of Actions for Learning (ReAL) on the Inclusion and Develop resiliency of Dalit for diversifying their Livelihoods in Local Community Forestry Groups in Nepal” has been funded by Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme to COLARP to be completed in two years period. The general objective is to demonstrate the ways, means and methods for the inclusion of Dalit in local community forestry groups for employment, representation, material benefits and services from the organizations and ways to develop socio-economic resiliency in the context of climate change risk as Dalit of Nepal are considered as most vulnerable group posing climate change risk on diversifying their livelihoods. Similarly, the specific  objectives of the ReAL is to document the learning of the efforts made for the  inclusion of Dalit and hence their level of participation in different local institutions particularly in local community forestry groups and in benefits (both direct and indirect benefits) generated and employment created through these institutions.

In fact, ReAL is unique and innovative project on social exclusion/inclusion where researcher are engaged to promote Dalit inclusion in CF through employing Research Into Use (RIU) and diffusion of innovation (upscaling/ out scaling). In this project, COLARP is trying to learn best practices, of community forestry land allocation for poor people’s livelihood and food security and replicate in project districts (it can also be termed as leasehold forestry within community forestry)

The expected outputs are i). ReAL report on Dalit, issues of exclusion, and inclusion practices (Inception Report); ii).Good practices related to Dalit inclusion (20-30 pages having 12 case studies of 3 selected districts) at different micro institution particularly in Forestry users groups (CFUG, FUG) and find out the following at the household level; iii).Learning by action and making researcher to practitioner and practitioner to researchers; iv). Reporting of learning at local level particularly to local institutions based on learning of action, and such reporting should generate local awareness, to make local stakeholders responsive and accountable to their duties v). Trend analysis based on the existing practices (say since 2000 to 2012) and learning of action beyond 2012; vi). Policy brief.

Evidence Based Policy Debate on Land Use Changes in Nepal

Project Name: Evidence Based Policy Debate on Land Use Changes in Nepal
Location: Nepal
Duration: January 2012- December 2012
Client: SRP Land Project-Leader/MC-NCCR North-South
Major Sector/ Sub Sector: Land Use Change
Area Coverage: Kathmandu Valley and Chitwan

Project Description:
The overall objective is to promote informed political debate on Land Use Changes in context of large scale land acquisition, by generating scientific evidence on land use pattern and land grabbing phenomenon, local perspectives on land grabbing, and resistance/responses of social movements in Nepal. Whereas, specific objectives are: To understand land use changes and pattern in context of large scale land acquisition-or land grab in Nepal; To examine land grabbing phenomenon especially mechanism and path ways of foreign and domestic land grabbing, underlying causes and their purpose etc in Nepal; To understand local perspective on land grabbing on possible resource conflict, threats to livelihood and food security, land disputes etc in the context to ongoing debates of land reform; and to facilitate informed policy debate on the implications of land use changes in Nepal.

To achieve the above mentioned objectives activities like desk study, field based research, policy dialogues, media related activities and others will be conducted involving concerned stakeholders, experts, researchers etc. After exploring and identifying evidences and promoting evidence based policy debates with these diverse stakeholders, it will fosters common understanding and social learning on ‘how land resource is being utilized and exploited, who is being/to be benefited from large scale land acquisition. On the one hand, it will facilitate informed policy reform in context of land grabbing and land use changes. Not only policy reform, it will also inform ongoing social movements with substance and evidence on grabbing and then these movements will further be shaped to respond to minimize any risks in future on the other hand. Hence, it would create a valid bases and evidence to debate of state restructuring in Nepal.

Project Name: Preparation of Policy Brief on “Women’s Access to Land: An Agenda of Women’s Empowerment” and research on “Tax Rebate Policy on Land: An Impact on Women”.

Project Name: Preparation of Policy Brief on “Women’s Access to Land: An Agenda of Women’s Empowerment” and research on “Tax Rebate Policy on Land: An Impact on Women”.
Location: Nepal
Duration: July 2010- November 2010
Client: Nepal Institute of Development Studies
Major Sector/ Sub Sector: Land and Women Issues
Area Coverage: Tanahu and Kapilvastu Districts

Project Description:
The objectives of the research was to examine the impact of government policies i.e. taxation rebate (25%) on land transaction if the title holder is woman; to examine the level of empowerment of women after having land. To achieve the above mentioned objectives, research was done on women holding land in their name in the two districts. The research involved women and key informants from Land Revenue Office. The study showed that policy on tax rebate from government if the title holder is a woman has brought somewhat changes in the life of that woman through economic and social empowerment. Due to this there has been increase in the land entitlement in the name of woman. Increases in land registration in the name of women were however not only because of tax discount but because of other family related issues, to escape from the government land ceiling policy, ‘Pewa’ (land given by parents to a girl), migration of men for foreign employment etc. Women who own land are significantly more likely to have their say in the household. Adenovirus Although they own land they do not have full control over it as they need to consult with their family members because most of them have bought the land with their husband’s money. Contrary to this, the benefits enjoyed by women as a result of owning land and property have a greater role in household decision making, secure future, giving property to daughter, greater mobility and social support, increasing confidence about their future and their children’s future.

Project Name: Bridging the Gap between Research, Policy and Practice on Land Issues.

Project Name: Bridging the Gap between Research, Policy and Practice on Land Issues.
Location: Nepal
Duration: February 2009- January 2011
Client: Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South
Major Sector/ Sub Sector: Land Issues
Area Coverage: Kathmandu, Bardia, Dang, Rupendehi, Bara, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusa,
Siraha, Saptari and Sunsari

Project Description:
The project aimed to help bridge the existing gap between research and policy making and between research and advocacy by disseminating ongoing research results into land policy formulation; to facilitate to enhance linkage between policy and implementation in order to reflect voices and realities of poor farmers and landless communities into informed land policy reform; to build on achievements and success stories of previous Projects and; to strengthen COLARP as a credible policy think tank institution engaged in land issues in Nepal. To achieve the aforementioned objectives, this project involved policy makers, researchers, media persons, politicians and non-scientific community (farmers) in national policy dialogue and debates, advocacy and interactions. Specifically, representatives from the Ministry of Land Reform and Management (MoLRM), Constituent Assembly (CA), National Planning Commission (NPC), High-Level Land reform Commission (HLLRC), Land Advocacy Networks, Farmers Groups and Researchers involved in land issues were involved. This project adopted trans-disciplinary approach to dialogue among above to realize the existing problems related to land (landlessness, skewed land distribution, land tenure and tenancy, poor land productivity and the likes). This project promoted social learning and consensus- building that helped in designing better land policies in future in order to secure inclusion of poor, small and marginal farmers.