Project title: ‘Land Resource Center’ for ‘Catalytic Support Project’ (Phase I)
Supported By: United Nation Development Program (UNDP), Nepal
Duration: July 2015 to December 2015
Summary of the project
The Six months project named ‘Land Resource Center’ for ‘Catalytic Support Project’ (Phase I) completed successfully with in the time frame of the project. The major objective of the first phase project intervention by COLARP with financial support by United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Nepal was to establish and improve a Land Resource Centre through generating, preserving and disseminating information related to conflict on land and land-based resources and to facilitate different actors for substantial dialogues on land right issues. The project activities were four-folded: Land resource center (e-library and physical library), information sharing forums and public debates; and contractual services and knowledge product.
The Objective of the project were:
- Both physical and e-library has been set and it will have long impact on the researchers/ stakeholders working on land related issues.
- Series of dialogues and debates on the emerging land issues in Nepal
- The monthly forum of discussion in particular land issue/ problem
Now COLARP has set a strong base on which it aims to establish a prosperous Land Resource Center and provide good forum for discussion on land related issues.
Project Title: Final Evaluation of Kamlahari Practice Abolition (KPA) Project
Supported by: Plan International, Nepal
Project Duration: January 2016 to June 2016
COLARP conducted final evaluation of KPA Phase II project which Plan Nepal in partnership with local NGOs has been implementing the since 2010. The goal of KPA Project was to abolish Kamlahari practice in three project districts: Kailali, Kanchanpur and Dang by December 2015. The overall objective of this project was to contribute for the realization of rights of the children through abolition of Kamalari practice and enlarging opportunities for their overall development. Plan Nepal believed that school aged freed Kamlahari enjoy their right to quality education, economic poverty of freed Kamlahari and their families be reduced and their well-being promoted, and Kamlahari and vulnerable girls are protected and prevented from Kamlahari practices and other forms of violence.
The purpose of the final evaluation of the KPA project was to assess project progress against key indicators and any changes that have occurred in project communities during the project period since baseline survey. Major objective of the evaluation was to look at effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, sustainability and impact of the interventions to achieve the objectives of the project.
The evaluation has been conducted in the project districts and VDCs/ municipalities comprising Dang (11 VDCs), Kailali (38 VDCs and 2 municipalities) and Kanchanpur (19 VDC and 1 municipality). Ontologically, it has followed participatory and constructive research design involving both quantitative and qualitative methods of evaluation.
Project title: Exploring Partnership Approach and Modality in Management of Public Land in Terai Districts of Nepal (PPL)
Name of client: Multi-stakeholder Forestry Programme
Duration: March 2014 – April 2015
Area Coverage: Terai Districts-Nawalparasi, and Rupandehi
Summary of the Project: The large scale of country’s land is still in underused, barren, pasture land (range land) and misused in the name of public usage. Though the government has not deserved any actual data of public land, various studies claim that much of its availability is centralized in the Terai region (Jamarkattel and Baral, 2008; Kunwar et al., 2008; Acharya, 2008; Deuja, 2007). The experiences from some western Terai districts demonstrate that effective management of these kinds of underutilized public land provides an important asset for communities, not only to generate forest resources and supplement forest products, but more importantly, also to reduce vulnerability and generate livelihood opportunities for the landless and the land poor (Kunwar et al., 2008). Public land management has the potentiality to contribute in realizing generation of income/livelihoods opportunities in the southern VDCs of Terai districts (Jamarkattel & Baral, 2008).
Thus, the major purpose of this project is to explore, understand, and pilot the partnership approach and modality in public land management to enhance the livelihood options of poor, disadvantaged and marginalized people through the collaborative initiation and engagement of Community Forest Users Group (CFUG), Public Land Management Group (PLMG) and Village Development Committee (VDC) for the rationale use of public land in (Nawalparasi and Rupandehi districts), Terai region of Nepal.
Project title: Documentation of Reflection of Actions for Learning (ReAL) on the Inclusion and develop resiliency of Dalit for diversifying their livelihoods in local community forestry groups in Nepal
Name of client: Multi-stakeholder Forestry Programme
Duration: October 2012- October 2014
Area Coverage: Lalitpur, Nawalparasi and Parbat Districts
Main features of the project/assignment: Research, reflection and action
Summary of the Project: The general objective is to demonstrate the ways, means and methods for the inclusion of Dalit in local community forestry groups for employment, representation, material benefits and services from the organizations and ways to develop socio-economic resiliency in the context of climate change risk as Dalit of Nepal are considered the most vulnerable group posing climate change risk on diversifying their livelihoods.
The specific objectives of the ReAL is to document the learning of the efforts made for the inclusion of Dalit and hence their level of participation in different local institutions particularly in local community forestry groups and in benefits (both direct and indirect benefits) generated and employment created through these institutions.
To find out the level of inclusiveness of Dalit in local forestry groups ( e.g. CFUG, Public land group, collaborative forest management group,leasehold forestry usergroups LHFGs and buffer zone CFUGs) in terms of the coverage of Dalit pockets by the programme, membership in the groups and leadership in committee various positions and explore the upsetting factors for effective participation, inclusion as social capital formation;
To examine the access to resources and benefit of Dalit community especially practice pattern of benefit distribution goods and services of forest in terms of physical capital (forest products), human capital formation (training and scholarship opportunities), financial capital (loans, jobs, credit, enterprise, business) and natural capital (access to forest land, fodder and food cultivation etc. in communal land);
To understand local rules and norms for equitable governance practices in local forestry groups especially fair, justifiable and meaningful participation of Dalit in decision making processes for developing their resiliency and
To analyse the forestry sector’s strategies, policies and plans, legal provisions, rules, operational guidelines and the provision and practice of services offered by Government Organization (GOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in relation to Dalit inclusion.
Project title: Evidence based Policy Debate on Land Use Changes in Nepal
Name of client: Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South
Duration: January 2012- February 2013
Area Coverage: Nepal
Main features of the project/assignment: Understanding issues related to land use changes, policy analysis
Summary of the Project: The overall objective is to promote informed political debate on Land Use Changes in context of large scale land acquisition, by generating scientific evidence on land use pattern and land grabbing phenomenon, local perspectives on land grabbing, and resistance/responses of social movements in Nepal. Whereas, specific objectives are: To understand land use changes and pattern in context of large scale land acquisition-or land grab in Nepal; To examine land grabbing phenomenon especially mechanism and path ways of foreign and domestic land grabbing, underlying causes and their purpose etc in Nepal; To understand local perspective on land grabbing on possible resource conflict, threats to livelihood and food security, land disputes etc in the context to ongoing debates of land reform; and to facilitate informed policy debate on the implications of land use changes in Nepal.
To achieve the above mentioned objectives activities like desk study, field based research, policy dialogues, media related activities and others will be conducted involving concerned stakeholders, experts, researchers etc. After exploring and identifying evidences and promoting evidence based policy debates with these diverse stakeholders, it will fosters common understanding and social learning on ‘how land resource is being utilized and exploited, who is being/to be benefited from large scale land acquisition. On the one hand, it will facilitate informed policy reform in context of land grabbing and land use changes. Not only policy reform, it will also inform ongoing social movements with substance and evidence on grabbing and then these movements will further be shaped to respond to minimize any risks in future on the other hand. Hence, it would create a valid bases and evidence to debate of state restructuring in Nepal.